Constructivism and Science Education

Focus on the ways young children think and they interact with the physical and natural world, – materials, experiences, and environments.

Key Principles for Effective Teaching

  • Children’s ideas should be taken into account of planning a set of rationale learning outcomes.
  • Children’s learning should be developed within appropriate contexts.
  • Children should be engaged with concrete objects and materials.
  • Children should be encouraged to construct their own meanings in Sciences.
  • Children should be encouraged to ask their own questions.
  • Children should learn through rich educational activities.
  • Children should be encouraged to become more sensitive to the environment.

Our approach to Science should be …

  • Developmentally appropriate
  • Process inquiry
  • Experimentation
  • Problem-solving
  • Involves creativity (it all comes to play where children try to understand the world)

Guidelines for implementation of a teaching approach

  • Work with children as co-investigator and co-learner.
  • Consider the children’s previous experiences of science education.
  • Decide on a realistic level of risk-taking.
  • Support children’s learning of new roles.
  • Ensure that children learn science in a safe environment.
  • Plan your approach to assess and evaluate.

(Fleer and Hardy, 2001)

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