‘Dys’ meaning ill or difficult, and ‘lexis’ meaning word.

Dyslexia was first introduced in 1884, by a German ophthalmologist (a physician who specializes in the medical and surgical care of the eyes and visual system and in the prevention of eye disease and injury), R. Berlin.

It is a common neurologically-based, specific learning disability. According to Dyslexia Association of Singapore in 2007, there may be about 18,500 dyslexic children in Singapore.

While the exact cause is still unknown, researches are still on-going to find the root of the problem.

Most dyslexic children have ‘normal’ intelligence, but are often referred to as incompetent. The best thing parents can do, is to visit an Educational Psychologist and have your child appropriately assessed.

If you notice one or more of the following symptoms in your child, it is recommended that you seek help.

  1. Directional Confusion
    Mirrored writing – ‘doy’ instead of ‘boy’
  2. Sequencing Difficulties
    Omission, or adding letters, syllables and words in wrong order – ‘act’ instead of ‘cat’, ‘wet’ instead of ‘went’.
  3. Difficulty with Little Words
    Misreads, or omits words such as ‘a’, ‘the’ and ‘from’.
  4. Late Talking
    About 60% of dyslexics are late talkers.
  5. Difficulties with Handwriting
    Generally illegible, letter inconsistencies, mixture of upper/lowercase letters, irregular sizes and shapes, etc
  6. Difficulties with Math
    Confusion by similar looking mathematical signs (> and <, etc)
  7. Short Working Memory
    Forgets easily, and needs be frequently reminded to do things.

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