Pyloric stenosis

In this condition the pylorus, the passage that leads from the stomach into the small intestine, is narrow because of thickening of the muscle. The cause is unknown and it is more common in boys than in girls. Symptoms usually first appear at two to four weeks, though they can appear earlier.

The stomach contracts powerfully in an attempt to force a buildup of food through the narrow pylorus. This is impossible, however, and the contents of the stomach are vomited so violently that they may be propelled up to 1meter projectile vomiting.

The baby may suffer from constipation and dehydration is also a risk, so seek medical advice quickly. Ultrasound may be carried out to confirm the diagnosis. An operation to widen the pylorus can cure the condition.

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