Problem-solving, reasoning, and logical concepts

Steps in problem-solving:

  1. Understand the problem.
  2. Plan how to solve it.
  3. Carry out your solution.
  4. Review the solutions.

The key role is for teachers to provide a setting rich in possibilities for solving problems.


Teachers can promote children’s reasoning by posing appropriate questions. Your role in fosterin children’s reasoning processing is critical. Ask questions thatt require investigation and reasoning:

  • Are you sure?
  • How do you know?
  • Why do you think.. ?
  • What else can you find that works like this?
  • What would happen if .. ?
  • I wonder how this could be changed?
  • What would the pattern be?
  • What is.. ?
  • I wonder why .. ?
  • Perhaps it is because …

Teachers can continue reasoning with children using the language in every day occurence to help children think. Teachers can think aloud and express their own thoughts to facilitate children’s thinking.

Logical concepts:

Children’s understanding are based on specific concepts or relationships such as:

  • cause & effect
  • same & different
  • more & less
  • part & whole

Children notice the relationships in the everyday experience when they are manipulating real life objects that allow children to:

  • join and divide
  • sort and match
  • compare

Children learn numbers in everyday context that are transmitted through understanding of:

  • songs,
  • stories, and
  • finger play rhymes.

Children can recite numerical order way before they understand number concepts. Children understand number concepts when they understand the number does not change according to properties.


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